MK2-/- gene knockout mouse hearts carry anti-apoptotic signal and are resistant to ischemia reperfusion injury

J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2005 Jan;38(1):93-7. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2004.10.018. Epub 2004 Dec 9.

Abstract

Stress-induced mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases have been implicated in various forms of cardiovascular diseases. Ischemia/reperfusion potentiates activation of p38 MAP kinase (p38MAPK) leading to the activation of its downstream target MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2). While p38MAPK has been shown to induce pro-apoptotic signal, whether MK2 also generates death signal is not known. To determine if MK2 triggers death signal, the hearts of MK2-/- knockout mice and genetically matched wild-type mice were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion via Langendorff mode. The results indicated that the hearts of MK2-/- mice were resistant to myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury as evidenced by enhance recovery of post-ischemic ventricular performance, reduced myocardial infarct size and diminished number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes. We conclude that MK2, similar to p38MAPK, is involved in transmitting the death signal to the ischemic myocardium.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis*
  • Heart / physiology
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / enzymology*
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / pathology*
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control
  • Myocardium / enzymology*
  • Myocardium / pathology*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / deficiency*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*

Substances

  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MAP-kinase-activated kinase 2
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases