Global trade and public health

Am J Public Health. 2005 Jan;95(1):23-34. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.038091.


Global trade and international trade agreements have transformed the capacity of governments to monitor and to protect public health, to regulate occupational and environmental health conditions and food products, and to ensure affordable access to medications. Proposals under negotiation for the World Trade Organization's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the regional Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement cover a wide range of health services, health facilities, clinician licensing, water and sanitation services, and tobacco and alcohol distribution services. Public health professionals and organizations rarely participate in trade negotiations or in resolution of trade disputes. The linkages among global trade, international trade agreements, and public health deserve more attention than they have received to date.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Commerce / ethics
  • Commerce / organization & administration*
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation*
  • Public Health / ethics*
  • Public Health / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Public Health / trends
  • United States