Gender differences in psychiatric disorders at juvenile probation intake

Am J Public Health. 2005 Jan;95(1):131-7. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.024737.


Objective: We identified gender differences in psychiatric disorders among youths at probation intake.

Methods: We measured disorders with the Voice Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children among 991 randomly selected youths (200 girls) at probation intake in 8 Texas counties. Logistic regression analyses predicted diagnostic clusters by gender, adjusting for demographics and offense characteristics.

Results: Demographic and offense characteristics explained small but interpretable and specific variance in diagnostic profile. Girls' rates of anxiety and affective disorders were higher than boys' (odds ratios = 0.59 and 0.32, respectively). Girls with violent offenses, compared with other groups, were 3 to 5 times as likely to report anxiety disorders.

Conclusions: Among youths with conduct problems, girls demonstrated an elevated risk for co-occurring anxiety or affective disorder.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Dangerous Behavior*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / classification
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Texas
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data*