The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of topiramate, given at the dose of 100 mg/day, in the prophylactic treatment of migraine. The hypothesis that migraine is the result of a condition of neuronal hyperexcitability and the quest for drugs that are able to limit the number of crises justifies the attempt to utilise the new antiepileptic drugs in the prophylaxis of this pathology, which is so important due to its high prevalence and due to the high disability it causes. The study was randomised double-blind versus placebo, lasting 16 weeks, and was preceded by a run-in period of 4 weeks. One hundred and fifteen patients were randomly allocated to treatment with topiramate (TPM) or placebo: 35 patients completed the study in the TPM group and 37 patients in the placebo group. At the end of the double-blind phase of study, in the TPM group, we recorded a significant reduction in the frequency of migraine crises (from 5.26 at baseline to 2.60 in the last 4 weeks), a significant reduction in the quantity of symptomatic drugs taken as compared to the placebo control group (from 6.17+/-1.80 SD to 2.57+/-0.80) and a significant downward trend in the number of days of disability over the 16-week period of therapy. In the TPM group, side effects were transient and well tolerated. TPM has thus proven its efficacy and tolerability in the prophylaxis of migraine.