The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on nurse stress and burnout: a quantitative and qualitative study

Holist Nurs Pract. 2004 Nov-Dec;18(6):302-8. doi: 10.1097/00004650-200411000-00006.


Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction, a stress-reduction program, has increasing empirical support as a patient-care intervention. Its emphasis on self-care, compassion, and healing makes it relevant as an intervention for helping nurses manage stress and reduce burnout. This article describes the implementation of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction in a hospital system as a way to lower burnout and improve well-being among nurses, using both quantitative and qualitative data.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control*
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Fatigue / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical*
  • Nurse's Role*
  • Nurse-Patient Relations
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology
  • Pennsylvania
  • Professional-Family Relations
  • Program Evaluation
  • Qualitative Research
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Care / methods*
  • Self Care / psychology
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workload