Hepatoprotective effect of the natural fruit juice from Aronia melanocarpa on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver damage in rats

Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2004 Dec;56(3):195-201. doi: 10.1016/j.etp.2004.04.012.


The fruits of Aronia melanocarpa are rich in anthocyanins--plant pigments with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. We studied the effect of the natural fruit juice from A. melanocarpa (NFJAM) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver damage in rats. Histopathological changes such as necrosis, fatty change, ballooning degeneration and inflammatory infiltration of lymphocytes around the central veins occurred in rats following acute exposure to CCl4 (0.2 ml kg(-1), 2 days). The administration of CCl4 increased plasma aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) activities, induced lipid peroxidation (as measured by malondialdehyde (MDA) content in rat liver and plasma) and caused a depletion of liver reduced glutathione (GSH). NFJAM (5, 10 and 20 ml kg(-1), 4 days) dose-dependently reduced the necrotic changes in rat liver and inhibited the increase of plasma AST and ALT activities, induced by CCl4 (0.2ml kg(-1), 3rd and 4th days). NFJAM also prevented the CCl4-induced elevation of MDA formation and depletion of GSH content in rat liver.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Alanine Transaminase / blood
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning / pathology
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning / prevention & control*
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury / etiology
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury / pathology
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury / prevention & control*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Fatty Liver / chemically induced
  • Fatty Liver / pathology
  • Fatty Liver / prevention & control
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Liver / pathology
  • Male
  • Malondialdehyde / metabolism
  • Necrosis
  • Photinia / chemistry*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Extracts
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Glutathione