Biofibers from agricultural byproducts for industrial applications

Trends Biotechnol. 2005 Jan;23(1):22-7. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2004.11.002.


Lignocellulosic agricultural byproducts are a copious and cheap source for cellulose fibers. Agro-based biofibers have the composition, properties and structure that make them suitable for uses such as composite, textile, pulp and paper manufacture. In addition, biofibers can also be used to produce fuel, chemicals, enzymes and food. Byproducts produced from the cultivation of corn, wheat, rice, sorghum, barley, sugarcane, pineapple, banana and coconut are the major sources of agro-based biofibers. This review analyses the production processes, structure, properties and suitability of these biofibers for various industrial applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cellulose / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cellulose / chemistry*
  • Crops, Agricultural / chemistry*
  • Lignin / chemistry
  • Waste Management / methods
  • Waste Products / analysis*


  • Waste Products
  • lignocellulose
  • Cellulose
  • Lignin