CaV2.3 channel and PKClambda: new players in insulin secretion

J Clin Invest. 2005 Jan;115(1):16-20. doi: 10.1172/JCI23970.

Abstract

Insulin secretion is critically dependent on the proper function of a complex molecular network. Ca(V)2.3-knockout (Ca(V)2.3(-/-)) and PKClambda-knockout (PKClambda(-/-)) mouse models now suggest that these 2 players, the Ca(v)2.3 channel and PKClambda, are important constituents of this molecular network. Subsequent to glucose stimulation, insulin is released from the pancreatic beta cell in a biphasic pattern, i.e., a rapid initial phase followed by a slower, more sustained phase. Interestingly, Ca(2+) influx through the Ca(V)2.3 channel regulates only the second phase of insulin secretion. PKClambda seems to enter the beta cell nucleus and in turn modulates the expression of several genes critical for beta cell secretory function. Studies by Hashimoto et al. and Jing et al. in this issue of the JCI set out to answer the question of why numerous isoforms of proteins with similar functions are present in the beta cell. This is important, since it has been difficult to understand the modulatory and/or regulatory roles of different isoforms of proteins in defined subcellular compartments and at various times during the secretory process in both beta cell physiology and pathophysiology.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium Channels / deficiency
  • Calcium Channels / genetics
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channels, R-Type
  • Cation Transport Proteins / deficiency
  • Cation Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Cation Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism
  • Isoenzymes
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Kinase C / deficiency
  • Protein Kinase C / genetics
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*

Substances

  • CACNA1E protein, human
  • Calcium Channels
  • Calcium Channels, R-Type
  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • Insulin
  • Isoenzymes
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Protein Kinase C
  • protein kinase C lambda
  • Calcium