We report on four patients with partial monosomy of the long arm of chromosome 6: two children presenting with an interstitial deletion del(6)(q14q16), the two others presenting with a terminal deletion del(6)(q25qter). These patients are compared with previous reports in the literature: 16 cases of terminal deletion and 17 cases of interstitial deletion. The deletions most often occur de novo. Mental retardation is always described. Dysmorphic facial features range between minor and major. There may be associated visceral abnormalities. After comparing the size and the localisation of the deletions with clinical data, we are now able to suggest a clinical localisation on chromosome 6.