Cellular growth under hydrostatic pressure using bovine aortic EC-SMC co-cultured ePTFE vascular graft

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2005 Feb;6(2):79-82. doi: 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0079.


High blood pressure (hypertension) is implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. Blood vessels are constantly subjected to stretch due to blood pressure and changes in stretch usually instigate adaptive vascular remodeling, including abnormal growth and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) as well as extracellular matrix (ECM). In this experiment, we used bovine aortic endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells (EC-SMC) co-cultured ePTFE vascular grafts subjected to normal atmospheric pressure (as a control), and 100 mmHg hydrostatic pressure for 7 d. The increase of cell layer thickness was observed. When measured, the cell layer thickness increased by 116.2%. The increase of collagen (Type IV) synthesis was also observed in the immunohistochemistry assay. When stained with toluidine blue, the cells showed metachromatic phenomenon.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Letter
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
  • Cattle
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen Type IV / metabolism*
  • Hydrostatic Pressure
  • Mechanotransduction, Cellular / physiology*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / cytology*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / physiology*
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene / chemistry*
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*
  • Transplants


  • Collagen Type IV
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene