Heinz body hemolytic anemia with eccentrocytosis from ingestion of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and garlic (Allium sativum) in a dog

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. Jan-Feb 2005;41(1):68-73. doi: 10.5326/0410068.

Abstract

A 4-year-old, intact male miniature schnauzer was presented with anorexia. The dog had ingested some Chinese steamed dumplings 2 days before, which contained Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and garlic (Allium sativum). Hematological examinations revealed severe Heinz body hemolytic anemia with eccentrocytosis and an increased concentration of methemoglobin, which was thought to result from oxidative damage to erythrocytes by constituents in these Allium plants. In this case, eccentrocytosis was a hallmark finding and could be detected easily, suggesting that this hematological abnormality is useful in diagnosing Allium plant-induced hemolysis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Hemolytic / etiology
  • Anemia, Hemolytic / veterinary*
  • Animals
  • Chive / poisoning*
  • Dog Diseases / etiology*
  • Dogs
  • Garlic / poisoning*
  • Heinz Bodies / metabolism*
  • Male