For a systematic policy of i.v. oxytocin inducted placenta deliveries in a unit where a fairly active management of third stage of labour is yet applied: results of a controlled trial

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1992 Jan 31;43(2):131-5. doi: 10.1016/0028-2243(92)90069-b.


The authors analysed the effect of the i.v. oxytocin induced third stage of labour in a controlled trial concerning 1000 patients. The appliance of such an policy in a unit that already had a fairly active management of delivery was very encouraging. The incidence of post-partum haemorrhage (greater than 500 ml) is significantly (P less than 0.001) less than in the control group; and the same for severe haemorrhage. The third stage is significantly (P less than 0.001) shorter in the oxytocin-injected group than in the control group. Moreover, there is no significant difference between the two groups for retained placenta. The economy of blood transfusion, which is a major concern nowadays, could be the real interest of this active management of the third stage of labour.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Labor Stage, Third*
  • Labor, Induced / methods*
  • Oxytocin / therapeutic use*
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy


  • Oxytocin