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, 307 (5706), 124-7

Vesicle Endocytosis Requires Dynamin-Dependent GTP Hydrolysis at a Fast CNS Synapse

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Vesicle Endocytosis Requires Dynamin-Dependent GTP Hydrolysis at a Fast CNS Synapse

Takayuki Yamashita et al. Science.

Abstract

Molecular dependence of vesicular endocytosis was investigated with capacitance measurements at the calyx of Held terminal in brainstem slices. Intraterminal loading of botulinum toxin E revealed that the rapid capacitance transient implicated as "kiss-and-run" was unrelated to transmitter release. The release-related capacitance change decayed with an endocytotic time constant of 10 to 25 seconds, depending on the magnitude of exocytosis. Presynaptic loading of the nonhydrolyzable guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) analog GTPgS or dynamin-1 proline-rich domain peptide abolished endocytosis. These compounds had no immediate effect on exocytosis, but caused a use-dependent rundown of exocytosis. Thus, the guanosine triphosphatase dynamin-1 is indispensable for vesicle endocytosis at this fast central nervous system (CNS) synapse.

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