Rewarding leadership and fair procedures as determinants of self-esteem

J Appl Psychol. 2005 Jan;90(1):3-12. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.90.1.3.


In the present research, the authors examined the effect of procedural fairness and rewarding leadership style on an important variable for employees: self-esteem. The authors predicted that procedural fairness would positively influence people's reported self-esteem if the leader adopted a style of rewarding behavior for a job well done. Results from a scenario experiment, a laboratory experiment, and an organizational survey indeed show that procedural fairness and rewarding leadership style interacted to influence followers' self-esteem, such that the positive relationship between procedural fairness and self-esteem was more pronounced when the leadership style was high in rewarding behavior. Implications in terms of integrating the leadership and procedural fairness literature are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Leadership*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organizational Culture
  • Random Allocation
  • Reinforcement, Psychology*
  • Self Concept*