This paper is a retrospective study of 15 patients with parapharyngeal neurofibromas operated over a six year period. No patient presented with a neurological deficit. CT scans revealed a well encapsulated moderately enhancing mass in ten cases. The tumour was removed by a transcervical approach in ten cases while in five a cervical-transpharyngeal route with mandibulotomy was used; in three of the latter group the tumour was retropharyngeal. In two cases a recurrence was successfully excised. It was realized that a mandibulotomy was required when the internal carotid was displaced medially, or if the tumour extended to the base of skull or when its vertical diameter exceeded 8 cm.