Objectives: To investigate the surface roughness changes of newer esthetic dental restorative materials with aging and acid erosion in a simulated oral environment.
Methods: The materials included two viscous conventional glass ionomer cements originally marketed for the ART approach, one resin-modified glass ionomer cement and two resin composites. Ten specimens for each material were prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions, then each specimen was immersed in 2 ml of buffered artificial saliva at 37 degrees C for three weeks. For each material, five specimens (Group B) were then coated with 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel for four minutes, rinsed and immersed again in artificial saliva for another three weeks. Gel was not applied to the Group A specimens. For each material, the surface roughness of an additional three fresh specimens and those from Groups A and B were evaluated using a profilometer and SEM.
Results: The resin composites showed the least effects of acidic corrosion on their surface texture. The viscous glass ionomer cements showed the greatest changes, with significantly increased surface roughness p<0.001).
Conclusions: The immersion of two newer viscous GICs in a buffered artificial saliva and the single application of APF gel resulted in significantly rougher surfaces over a relatively short six-week period.