Burnout in residency: a statewide study

South Med J. 2004 Dec;97(12):1171-3. doi: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000129926.66568.10.


Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout in residents in obstetrics and gynecology through the use of a validated tool.

Methods: The Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services questionnaire is a previously validated tool that measures burnout. Obstetrics and gynecology residents from Texas were invited to participate in this study in 2002. The Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services questionnaire and a demographic survey were distributed to each resident. Responses were anonymous and returned by mail. Contingency coefficient and chi2 tests were used for analysis; values of P < 0.05 were significant.

Results: Residents (n = 368) from 17 programs in Texas were surveyed. Responses were received from 14 programs (82.4%), with 136 surveys (37%) returned. Overall, 38.2% reported high emotional exhaustion, 47.1% reported high depersonalization, and 19.1% reported reduced personal accomplishment. The number of residents experiencing true burnout (high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment) was 17.6% (n = 24).

Conclusions: High levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization occur in some residents. Burnout in residents included in this study was approximately 18%.

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional / epidemiology*
  • Depersonalization / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Gynecology / education
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Male
  • Obstetrics / education
  • Prevalence
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Texas / epidemiology