Mutation in the Arabidopisis thaliana DEK1 calpain gene perturbs endosperm and embryo development while over-expression affects organ development globally

Planta. 2005 Jun;221(3):339-51. doi: 10.1007/s00425-004-1448-6. Epub 2005 Jan 13.


A T-DNA insertion in the Arabidopsis thaliana DEK1 gene, encoding a calpain-like cysteine proteinase with a predicted membrane anchor, causes unorganized embryo development displaying irregular mitotic divisions in the embryo proper and suspensor. Embryo development is arrested at the globular stage, and the embryo proper lacks a defined protoderm. In the endosperm, the aleurone-like peripheral cell layer is partly or completely lacking. The Arabidopsis DEK1 wild-type transcript is expressed evenly throughout the endosperm and the embryo in developing seed as determined using in situ hybridization. The conclusion that the observed phenotype is caused by a T-DNA insertion in the Arabidopsis DEK1 gene is confirmed by complementation with the Arabidopisis DEK1 genomic sequence, as well as analysis of a second T-DNA insertion allele. Over-expression of the Arabidopsis DEK1 gene coding sequence under the control of the 35S promoter causes a number of developmental phenotypes, including a global lack of trichomes, leaves exhibiting improper dorsiventral symmetry and aberrant cell organization in flowers. We interpret the data to suggest a role for DEK1 in providing cells with positional clues for an appropriate developmental context within plant tissues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics*
  • Calpain / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Mutation*
  • Phenotype
  • Plant Leaves / genetics
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism
  • Plant Leaves / ultrastructure
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Seeds / growth & development*
  • Seeds / ultrastructure


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Calpain