Nuclear receptor coregulators are new players in nervous system development and function

Mol Neurobiol. 2004 Dec;30(3):307-25. doi: 10.1385/MN:30:3:307.


Steroid/thyroid hormones and their cognate nuclear receptors (NRs) play important roles in nervous system development and function. The spatial and temporal gene expression that is regulated by NRs in the nervous system requires transcriptional intermediary coregulators, designated as coactivators and corepressors. These coregulators enhance or repress transcriptional activity of NRs and modulate their target gene transcription. Recent progress has largely advanced our understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which NR coregulators function in the nervous system. This article summarizes our current knowledge about the molecular mechanisms, expression patterns, and biological functions of NR coactivators, such as the p160 steroid receptor coactivator family, CBP, p300, BRG1, TRAP220, PGC-1alpha, ERAP140, NIX1, and E6-AP, as well as corepressors such as NCoR and SMRT. Accumulated findings suggest that the functional spectrum of NR coregulators is much broader than was initially speculated, and these coregulators likely contribute to many physiological aspects of nervous system development and function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Nervous System / embryology*
  • Nervous System / growth & development*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / physiology
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*


  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors