A metabonomic strategy for the detection of the metabolic effects of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) ingestion

J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Jan 26;53(2):191-6. doi: 10.1021/jf0403282.


A metabonomic strategy, utilizing high-resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy in conjunction with chemometric methods (discriminant analysis with orthogonal signal correction), has been applied to the study of human biological responses to chamomile tea ingestion. Daily urine samples were collected from volunteers during a 6-week period incorporating a 2-week baseline period, 2 weeks of daily chamomile tea ingestion, and a 2-week post-treatment phase. Although strong intersubject variation in metabolite profiles was observed, clear differentiation between the samples obtained before and after chamomile ingestion was achieved on the basis of increased urinary excretion of hippurate and glycine with depleted creatinine concentration. Samples obtained up to 2 weeks after daily chamomile intake formed an isolated cluster in the discriminant analysis map, from which it was inferred that the metabolic effects of chamomile ingestion were prolonged during the 2-week postdosing period. This study highlights the potential for metabonomic technology in the assessment of nutritional interventions, despite the high degree of variation from genetic and environmental sources.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Beverages
  • Chamomile / chemistry*
  • Chamomile / physiology*
  • Creatinine / urine
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Glycine / urine
  • Hippurates / urine
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male


  • Hippurates
  • Creatinine
  • hippuric acid
  • Glycine