Living with a stoma: a review of the literature

J Clin Nurs. 2005 Jan;14(1):74-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.00945.x.


Aims and objectives: This systematic review looks at the psychological and social impact of stoma surgery on peoples' lives.

Background: The formation of a stoma can have a negative effect on a person's quality of life and affect lifestyle in a number of ways.

Methods: The review examines nursing literature from 1990 to date and focuses on how stoma patients' lives are affected by the presence of a stoma. It informs nursing practice so nurses are better able to help individuals improve, maintain or recover their health following ostomy surgery.

Results: The findings of the review indicate that stoma surgery can impact on individuals' lives in many different ways.

Relevance to clinical practice: Knowledge of the problems stoma patients can experience can help nurses plan care in an individualized way. Recommendations for nursing practice and future research are made.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Body Image
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Nurse Clinicians
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Ostomy / adverse effects
  • Ostomy / nursing*
  • Ostomy / psychology*
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Quality of Life*
  • Self Care
  • Sex
  • Sick Role
  • Skin Care / methods
  • Skin Care / nursing
  • Skin Care / psychology
  • Surgical Stomas* / adverse effects
  • Surgical Stomas* / physiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires