Coregulator interactions with the thyroid hormone receptor

Mol Cell Proteomics. 2005 Apr;4(4):475-82. doi: 10.1074/mcp.R500001-MCP200. Epub 2005 Jan 18.


The thyroid hormone receptor (TR) directly regulates the transcription of thyroid hormone-responsive genes in response to changing levels of thyroid hormone. Mechanistically TR utilizes a complex set of binding interactions, with hormone, response elements, and coregulatory proteins, to provide specific local control of patterns of transcriptional response that are partially responsible for inducing the tissue-selective responses to the circulating hormone. One of the apparently dominant phenomena in the regulation of thyroid hormone responses is the protein interactions between TR and its coregulators. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge with respect to the identity of these coregulators, their interaction with TR, and the consequences of those interactions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / genetics
  • Peptides / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Proteomics
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone / chemistry
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone / genetics
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Thyroid Hormones / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • Peptides
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone
  • Thyroid Hormones