Co-localization and functional interaction between adenosine A(2A) and metabotropic group 5 receptors in glutamatergic nerve terminals of the rat striatum

J Neurochem. 2005 Feb;92(3):433-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2004.02887.x.


The anti-Parkinsonian effect of glutamate metabotropic group 5 (mGluR5) and adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonists is believed to result from their ability to postsynaptically control the responsiveness of the indirect pathway that is hyperfunctioning in Parkinson's disease. mGluR5 and A(2A) antagonists are also neuroprotective in brain injury models involving glutamate excitotoxicity. Thus, we hypothesized that the anti-Parkinsonian and neuroprotective effects of A(2A) and mGluR5 receptors might be related to their control of striatal glutamate release that actually triggers the indirect pathway. The A(2A) agonist, CGS21680 (1-30 nM) facilitated glutamate release from striatal nerve terminals up to 57%, an effect prevented by the A(2A) antagonist, SCH58261 (50 nM). The mGluR5 agonist, CHPG (300-600 mum) also facilitated glutamate release up to 29%, an effect prevented by the mGluR5 antagonist, MPEP (10 microm). Both mGluR5 and A(2A) receptors were located in the active zone and 57 +/- 6% of striatal glutamatergic nerve terminals possessed both A(2A) and mGluR5 receptors, suggesting a presynaptic functional interaction. Indeed, submaximal concentrations of CGS21680 (1 nM) and CHPG (100 microm) synergistically facilitated glutamate release and the facilitation of glutamate release by 10 nM CGS21680 was prevented by 10 microm MPEP, whereas facilitation by 300 microm CHPG was prevented by 10 nM SCH58261. These results provide the first direct evidence that A(2A) and mGluR5 receptors are co-located in more than half of the striatal glutamatergic terminals where they facilitate glutamate release in a synergistic manner. This emphasizes the role of the modulation of glutamate release as a likely mechanism of action of these receptors both in striatal neuroprotection and in Parkinson's disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenosine / pharmacology
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Agonists
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Animals
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists / pharmacology
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Glutamic Acid / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Neostriatum / chemistry*
  • Phenethylamines / pharmacology
  • Presynaptic Terminals / chemistry
  • Presynaptic Terminals / drug effects
  • Presynaptic Terminals / metabolism*
  • Pyrimidines / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A / metabolism*
  • Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate / agonists
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate / metabolism*
  • Subcellular Fractions / chemistry
  • Subcellular Fractions / drug effects
  • Synaptosomes / chemistry
  • Synaptosomes / drug effects
  • Synaptosomes / metabolism*
  • Triazoles / pharmacology
  • Xanthines / pharmacology


  • 5-amino-7-(2-phenylethyl)-2-(2-furyl)pyrazolo(4,3-e)-1,2,4-triazolo(1,5-c)pyrimidine
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Agonists
  • Adenosine A2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
  • Grm5 protein, rat
  • Phenethylamines
  • Pyrimidines
  • Receptor, Adenosine A2A
  • Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate
  • Triazoles
  • Xanthines
  • 2-(4-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino)-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine
  • Glutamic Acid
  • 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine
  • Adenosine