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, 96 (2), 415-22

Soyasaponin-I-modified Invasive Behavior of Cancer by Changing Cell Surface Sialic Acids

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Soyasaponin-I-modified Invasive Behavior of Cancer by Changing Cell Surface Sialic Acids

Chi-Cheng Hsu et al. Gynecol Oncol.

Abstract

Objective: Sialylation involving tumor formation and invasive behavior goes along with altered sialyltransferase (ST) activity. A potent ST inhibitor, soyasaponin I (SsaI), was discovered to selectively inhibit the cellular alpha2,3-sialyltranserase activity. In this study, we further test the effects of SsaI on modifying the metastatic and invasive behaviors of cancer cell lines.

Methods: Nonmetastatic breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and highly metastastic breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, were used to investigate the effects of SsaI on tumor cells.

Results: SsaI did not affect cell growth cycle and also failed to inhibit cell growth in this study (the concentration of SsaI < or=100 muM). SsaI was as predicted to successfully inhibit cellular alpha2,3-ST activity and depressed the dose-dependent tumor cell surface alpha2,3-sialic acid expression. In addition, different concentrations of SsaI did stimulate MCF-7 cell adhesion to collagen type I linearly and significantly enhanced cell adhesion to the Matrigel-matrix. Furthermore, SsaI significantly decreased MDA-MB-231 cell migration. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for evaluating mRNA expression of ST3Gal I, III and IV showed that SsaI also down-regulated the expression of ST3Gal IV but did not affect the other two.

Conclusions: The results showed that SsaI was implicated in the invasive behavior of tumor cells, suggesting that altered alpha2,3-sialylation pathway played a crucial role in the adhesion and tumor metastases. SsaI is a good candidate for studying the biological roles of ST, and might provide a new preventive strategy in tumor metastasis.

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