Intraoperative frozen section diagnosis in urological oncology

Eur Urol. 2005 Feb;47(2):129-36. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2004.08.010.


The intraoperative frozen sections are indicated if the pathological findings change the surgical procedure. In urological oncology is not recommended, as a general attitude, in the tumor diagnosis/staging during the surgery. The assessment of the surgical margins is recommended in partial surgical resections but the literature discourages its systematic use in the radical surgical resections. The assessment of the lymph nodes is specially indicated in the penile cancer with intermediate or high risk and non-palpable nodes, and is debated its utility in non-palpable lymph nodes of cystectomies and prostatectomies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Frozen Sections / methods*
  • Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology*
  • Genital Neoplasms, Male / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Period
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Specimen Handling
  • Urologic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Urologic Neoplasms / surgery
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures