Intrafamilial correlates of overweight and obesity in African-American and Native-American grandparents, parents, and children in rural Oklahoma

J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Feb;105(2):262-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2004.11.004.

Abstract

Study objectives were to describe overweight in Native-American and African-American three-generation families and to examine relationships among the individual variables of body mass index (BMI), television hours, and activity levels. Forty-four Native-American and 40 African-American families were recruited from 10 sites through community contacts at health, senior, community, and tribal centers. Ninety percent of parents and grandparents had BMIs above 25.0. Forty-two percent of African-American and 61% of Native-American children had a BMI above the 85th percentile. More than 35% of total energy was from fat. Significant correlations were observed between parent and child BMI and television hours, grandparent and child BMI, and grandparent and parent activity with child television hours. Sedentary caretakers facilitate more television viewing and less activity in children. Dietetics professionals should plan family-friendly daily physical activities, like walking, and diets lower in fat, sugar, and total energy, with higher intakes of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products for children and caretakers.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diet Surveys
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Energy Intake
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / statistics & numerical data*
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Obesity / ethnology*
  • Obesity / etiology
  • Obesity / genetics
  • Oklahoma / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Television
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Dietary Fats