Generation of murine monoclonal antibodies specific for N-glycolylneuraminic acid-containing gangliosides

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 May 1;294(2):427-33. doi: 10.1016/0003-9861(92)90707-4.

Abstract

We generated two murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for mono- and disialylgangliosides having N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) as their sialic acid moiety, respectively, by immunizing C3H/HeN mice with these purified gangliosides adsorbed to Salmonella minnesota followed by fusion with mouse myeloma cells. By use of a wide variety of glycolipids, including NeuGc-containing gangliosides, the precise structures recognized by these two antibodies were elucidated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining on thin-layer chromatography. One MAb, GMR8, which was generated by immunizing the mice with purified GM3(NeuGc), reacted specifically with gangliosides having NeuGc alpha 2----3Gal- terminal structures, such as GM3(NeuGc), IV3NeuGc alpha-Gg4Cer, IV3NeuGc alpha-nLc4Cer, V3NeuGc alpha-Gb5Cer, and GD1a(NeuGc, NeuGc). None of the other gangliosides having internal NeuGc alpha2----3Gal- sequences, such as GM2(NeuGc) and GM1(NeuGc), nor corresponding gangliosides having NeuAc alpha 2----3Gal- sequences, nor neutral glycolipids were recognized. Thus, the epitope structures recognized by the MAb were found to be strictly NeuGc alpha 2----3Gal- terminal structures. In contrast, the other MAb, GMR3, which was generated by immunizing the mice with purified GD3(NeuGc-NeuGc-) adsorbed to the bacteria, reacted specifically with gangliosides having NeuGc alpha 2----8NeuGc alpha 2----3Gal- terminal sequences, such as GD3(NeuGc-NeuGc-), IV3NeuGc alpha 2-Gg4Cer, IV3NeuGc alpha 2-nLc4Cer, and V3NeuGc alpha 2-Gb5Cer, but did not react with corresponding gangliosides having NeuAc as their sialic acid moiety or with the neutral glycolipids tested. The epitope structures recognized by the MAb were suggested to be NeuGc alpha 2----8NeuGc alpha 2----3Gal- terminal structures. Using these MAbs, we determined the distribution of such gangliosides in the spleen, kidney, and liver of several mice strains. Novel gangliosides reactive with these MAbs were detected in these tissues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Gangliosides / analysis*
  • Gangliosides / chemistry
  • Gangliosides / immunology
  • Glycosphingolipids / analysis
  • Glycosphingolipids / immunology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H / immunology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neuraminic Acids / analysis*
  • Neuraminic Acids / immunology

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex
  • Gangliosides
  • Glycosphingolipids
  • Neuraminic Acids
  • N-glycolylneuraminic acid