Health-related quality of life issues in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. Jan-Feb 2005;34(1):12-20. doi: 10.1177/0884217504272945.


Objective: To evaluate the influence of obesity, fertility status, and androgenism scores on health-related quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Design: Cross-sectional, correlational.

Setting: Private reproductive endocrinology practice in two southeast U.S. cities.

Participants: Convenience sample of 128 women with PCOS, half of whom were attempting to conceive in addition to being treated for PCOS. Most were White (97%), married (78%), with a mean age of 30.4 years (SD +/- 5.5).

Main outcome measures: The Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (PCOSQ) for women with polycystic ovary syndrome. A laboratory panel and clinical measures, including body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, and degree of hirsutism.

Results: The most common health-related quality of life concern reported by women with PCOS was weight, followed in descending order by menstrual problems, infertility, emotions, and body hair.

Conclusions: The psychological implications of PCOS are easily underestimated and have been largely ignored. Nursing has a pivotal role in recognizing these concerns and implementing therapy to improve quality of life in women with PCOS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / diagnosis*
  • Infertility, Female / epidemiology
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diagnosis*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / nursing*
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / psychology*
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sampling Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sickness Impact Profile*