AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma cells in culture express vascular endothelial growth factor

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Mar 31;183(3):1167-74. doi: 10.1016/s0006-291x(05)80313-4.

Abstract

PCR cloning and cDNA sequencing have been used to identify mRNAs of two splice products of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene, VEGF121 and VEGF165, in cells isolated from Kaposi's sarcomas (KS) of AIDS patients (AIDS-KS). As demonstrated by Northern blot analysis, AIDS-KS cells as well as tumor cells show a high expression level of the VEGF gene as compared to primary human vascular cells like smooth muscle cells or endothelial cells. In addition to the lower expression of the gene, vascular cells express a 3.9 kb band together with a 3.2 kb band instead of a 3.9 kb and a 4.3 kb band in AIDS-KS cells. Our data suggest that the angiogenic properties of AIDS-KS cells might be mediated by the secretion of this growth factor and that this factor alone or in combination with other endothelial mitogens may be involved in endothelial proliferation associated with Kaposi's sarcoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / biosynthesis
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / biosynthesis
  • Lymphokines / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA Splicing
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis*
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / genetics*
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors

Substances

  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • RNA, Messenger
  • VEGFA protein, human
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors