Average annual risk of tuberculous infection in India

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Jan;9(1):116-8.


Estimates of the prevalence of tuberculous infection among children 1-9 years of age were available for four defined zones of India from a recently concluded tuberculin survey. These were pooled together and the average annual risk of infection in the country was computed as 1.5%. It was higher in urban areas, at 2.2%, than in rural areas, at 1.3%. The results call for further intensification of tuberculosis control activities, especially in urban areas, greater involvement of private practitioners and information, education and communication (IEC) for high-risk groups, to reduce the diagnostic and treatment delay thereby reducing the transmission of infection in all settings.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Tuberculin Test
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / transmission*