Fast measurements of flow through mitral regurgitant orifices with magnetic resonance phase velocity mapping

Ann Biomed Eng. 2004 Dec;32(12):1618-27. doi: 10.1007/s10439-004-7815-4.


Magnetic-resonance (MR) phase velocity mapping (PVM) shows promise in measuring the mitral regurgitant volume. However, in its conventional nonsegmented form, MR-PVM is slow and impractical for clinical use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of rapid, segmented k-space MR-PVM in quantifying the mitral regurgitant flow through a control volume (CV) method. Two segmented MR-PVM schemes, one with seven (seg-7) and one with nine (seg-9) lines per segment, were evaluated in acrylic regurgitant mitral valve models under steady and pulsatile flow. A nonsegmented (nonseg) MR-PVM acquisition was also performed for reference. The segmented acquisitions were considerably faster (<10 min) than the nonsegmented (>45 min). The regurgitant flow rates and volumes measured with segmented MR-PVM agreed closely with those measured with nonsegmented MR-PVM (differences <5%, p > 0.05), when the CV was large enough to exclude the region of flow acceleration and aliasing from its boundaries. The regurgitant orifice shape (circular vs. slit-like) and the presence of aortic outflow did not significantly affect the accuracy of the results under both steady and pulsatile flow (p > 0.05). This study shows that segmented k-space MR-PVM can accurately quantify the flow through regurgitant orifices using the CV method and demonstrates great clinical potential.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Mitral Valve*
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Pulsatile Flow
  • Reproducibility of Results