Liposomes as Protein Carriers in Immunology

J Liposome Res. 2004;14(3-4):175-89. doi: 10.1081/lpr-200039198.

Abstract

Liposomes are excellent carriers for protein antigens since they can contain large amounts of antigen, potentially in association with adjuvants. Liposomes may be made to mimic the pathogens that stimulated the evolution of the immune system. As such, numerous mechanisms exist to promote their uptake by antigen presenting cells and exposure of encapsulated antigens to the lymphocytes of the immune system for the induction of responses. The review is intended to describe the 30 year history of the use of liposomes are carriers of protein antigens, notably from the perspective of what we have learned about the immune system using liposomes.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / administration & dosage
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / history
  • Animals
  • Antigen Presentation
  • Antigens / administration & dosage
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology
  • Drug Carriers* / history
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Liposomes* / history
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / history
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology
  • Neoplasms / immunology
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Proteins / immunology*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / history
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Toll-Like Receptors

Substances

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Antigens
  • Drug Carriers
  • Liposomes
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Toll-Like Receptors