Job satisfaction among nurses: a literature review

Int J Nurs Stud. 2005 Feb;42(2):211-27. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2004.09.003.


The current nursing shortage and high turnover is of great concern in many countries because of its impact upon the efficiency and effectiveness of any health-care delivery system. Recruitment and retention of nurses are persistent problems associated with job satisfaction. This paper analyses the growing literature relating to job satisfaction among nurses and concludes that more research is required to understand the relative importance of the many identified factors to job satisfaction. It is argued that the absence of a robust causal model incorporating organizational, professional and personal variables is undermining the development of interventions to improve nurse retention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Burnout, Professional / etiology
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Causality
  • Humans
  • Job Description
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Models, Psychological
  • Nurse's Role
  • Nursing Administration Research
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Nursing Staff / organization & administration
  • Nursing Staff / psychology*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Personnel Selection
  • Personnel Turnover
  • Professional Autonomy