Objectives: This study was designed to assess effects of mitral valve annuloplasty (MVA) on mortality in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction.
Background: Mitral valve annuloplasty improves hemodynamics and symptoms in these patients, but effects on long-term mortality are not well established.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with significant MR and LV systolic dysfunction on echocardiography between 1995 and 2002. Cox regression analysis, including MVA as a time-dependent covariate and propensity scoring to adjust for differing probabilities of undergoing MVA, was used to identify predictors of death, LV assist device implantation, or United Network for Organ Sharing-1 heart transplantation.
Results: Of 682 patients identified, 419 were deemed surgical candidates; 126 underwent MVA. Propensity score derivation identified age, ejection fraction, and LV dimension to be associated with undergoing MVA. End points were reached in 120 (41%) non-MVA and 62 (49%) MVA patients. Increased risk of end point was associated with coronary artery disease (hazard ratio [HR] 1.80, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.30 to 2.49), blood urea nitrogen (HR 1.01, 95% CI 1.005 to 1.02), cancer (HR 2.77, 95% CI 1.45 to 5.30), and digoxin (HR 1.66, 95% CI 1.15 to 2.39). Reduced risk was associated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.95), beta-blockers (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.83), mean arterial pressure (HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.97 to 0.99), and serum sodium (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.96). Mitral valve annuloplasty did not predict clinical outcome.
Conclusions: In this analysis, there is no clearly demonstrable mortality benefit conferred by MVA for significant MR with severe LV dysfunction. A prospective randomized control trial is warranted for further study of mortality with MVA in this population.