A risk haplotype in the Solute Carrier Family 22A4/22A5 gene cluster influences phenotypic expression of Crohn's disease

Gastroenterology. 2005 Feb;128(2):260-9. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2004.11.056.


Background and aims: Previously, we identified 2 functionally relevant polymorphisms in the SLC22A4 / 22A5 genes at the IBD5 locus that alter gene/protein function and comprise a 2-allele haplotype ( SLC22A -TC) associated with increased risk for Crohn's disease (CD). Here we examine the contribution of this susceptibility haplotype alone and in combination with CARD15 variants to CD subphenotypes and to susceptibility to ulcerative colitis (UC).

Methods: Phenotype-genotype associations were evaluated in a Canadian cohort including 507 patients with CD, 216 patients with UC, and 352 ethnically matched controls genotyped for SLC22A4 C1672T, SLC22A5 G-207C, and the major CD-associated CARD15 variants.

Results: The SLC22A -TC haplotype was strongly associated ( P < .0001) with CD in the non-Jewish subgroup of this cohort, and the combination of SLC22A -TC homozygosity and one or more of the common CARD15 disease susceptibility alleles engendered a 7.5-fold increase in risk for CD ( P = 9 x 10 -8 ) and a 4.5-fold increase in risk for ileal disease ( P = .001). The risk haplotype showed only a suggestive association with CD in the Jewish subgroup and no association with UC in the cohort or in subgroups stratified by CARD15 genotypes.

Conclusions: The SLC22A -TC haplotype acts together with CARD15 disease susceptibility alleles to increase risk for CD and ileal disease among CD patients but does not contribute to risk for UC in this Canadian cohort. The association of the SLC22A -TC haplotype and CARD15 alleles with ileal disease suggests that these variants have biologically intertwined effects in the pathogenesis of CD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / genetics
  • Crohn Disease / genetics*
  • DNA Primers
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Carrier Screening
  • Humans
  • Jews / genetics
  • Male
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Multigene Family*
  • Organic Cation Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5
  • Symporters


  • DNA Primers
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Organic Cation Transport Proteins
  • SLC22A4 protein, human
  • SLC22A5 protein, human
  • Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5
  • Symporters