Sequence of exons and the flanking regions of human bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene complex and identification of a genetic mutation in a patient with Crigler-Najjar syndrome, type I

Hepatology. 1992 May;15(5):941-7. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840150531.


Crigler-Najjar syndrome, type I is a heterogeneous disorder that may result from mutations of various regions of the bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase gene complex that encodes two bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms and a phenol-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoform in the human liver. The two bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase messenger RNAs and the phenol-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase messenger RNA have identical 3' regions derived from four consecutive exons. The 5' region of each messenger RNA is unique and is derived from distinct single exons. By screening a human genomic library with probes corresponding to various regions of the messenger RNAs, we have isolated five cosmid clones containing overlapping segments of this large gene complex that spans at least 84 kb of the human genome. To facilitate the amplification of each exon by polymerase chain reaction and their adjacent splice junctions, we have delineated the intron-exon boundaries of the four common region exons and the two single exons that encode the unique regions of the two bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms and have described sequences of the regions flanking each exon. All exons encoding the two bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms and their splice junctions were amplified from the DNA of two control subjects and a Crigler-Najjar syndrome, type I patient. The DNA from the Crigler-Najjar syndrome, type I patient revealed a point mutation in exon 3 (a common region exon) resulting in a stop codon. RNA blot showed that the two bilirubin-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase messenger RNAs in the liver of the Crigler-Najjar syndrome, type I patient were of normal length but were reduced in concentration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Crigler-Najjar Syndrome / genetics*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Exons*
  • Female
  • Genes / genetics*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data


  • Glucuronosyltransferase