Objective: To investigate the role of abdominal and body obesity on the prevalence of hyperlipidemia, in particular, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, and high apolipoprotein B levels, in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) relatives and their spouses.
Research methods and procedures: In FCHL relatives (n = 618) and spouses (n = 297), prevalence data of hyperlipidemia and high apolipoprotein B levels and their age and gender-corrected odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for sex-adjusted categories of waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference, and BMI.
Results: Increments of BMI, waist circumference, and WHR increased the frequency of hyperlipidemia. In the whole study population (relatives and spouses combined), frequency of hypertriglyceridemia showed a significant interaction only between WHR categories and FCHL. This was studied further after stratification of relatives by multivariable logistic regression analyses corrected for age and gender. Predominant expression of hypertriglyceridemia was observed with higher categories of WHR in FCHL relatives (prevalence up to 57.6%, OR 8.48 in highest vs. lowest WHR category, p < 0.001) but not in spouses (up to 32.9%, OR 1.05 in highest vs. lowest WHR category, not significant).
Discussion: Both in spouses and FCHL relatives, increments in BMI and waist circumference increased the prevalence of hyperlipidemia. Specifically, in FCHL relatives, WHR was the most informative determinant of the expression of hyperlipidemia, in particular, hypertriglyceridemia. The data indicate that FCHL develops against a background of abdominal obesity.