DNA copy number alterations are believed to play a major role in the development and progression of human neoplasms. Although most of these genomic imbalances have been associated with dysregulation of individual genes, their large-scale transcriptional consequences remain unclear. Pancreatic carcinomas frequently display gene copy number variation of entire chromosomes as well as of chromosomal subregions. These changes range from homozygous deletions to high-level amplifications and are believed to constitute key genetic alterations in the cellular transformation of this tumor type. To investigate the transcriptional consequences of the most drastic genomic changes, that is, genomic amplifications, and to analyse the genome-wide transcriptional effects of DNA copy number changes, we performed expression profiling of 29 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines and compared the results with matching genomic profiling data. We show that a strong association between DNA copy numbers and mRNA expression levels is present in pancreatic cancer, and demonstrate that as much as 60% of the genes within highly amplified genomic regions display associated overexpression. Consequently, we identified 67 recurrently overexpressed genes located in seven precisely mapped commonly amplified regions. The presented findings indicate that more than one putative target gene may be of importance in most pancreatic cancer amplicons.