The nuclear receptor corepressors NCoR and SMRT decrease peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma transcriptional activity and repress 3T3-L1 adipogenesis

J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 8;280(14):13600-5. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M409468200. Epub 2005 Feb 3.


The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a central regulator of adipogenesis and recruits coactivator proteins in response to ligand. However, the role of another class of nuclear cofactors, the nuclear receptor corepressors, in modulating PPARgamma transcriptional activity is less clear. Such corepressors include the nuclear receptor corepressor (NCoR) and the silencing mediator of retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT). Our data suggest that PPARgamma recruits SMRT and NCoR in the absence of ligand and that these corepressors are capable of down-regulating PPARgamma-mediated transcriptional activity. The addition of the PPARgamma ligand pioglitazone results in dissociation of the PPARgamma-corepressor complex. To define the role of SMRT and NCoR in PPARgamma action, 3T3-L1 cells deficient in SMRT or NCoR were generated by RNA interference. When these cells are exposed to differentiation media, they exhibit increased expression of adipocyte-specific genes and increased production of lipid droplets, as compared with control cells. These data suggest that the nuclear receptor corepressors decrease PPARgamma transcriptional activity and repress the adipogenic program in 3T3-L1 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3-L1 Cells
  • Adipocytes / cytology
  • Adipocytes / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1
  • Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 2
  • PPAR gamma / genetics
  • PPAR gamma / metabolism*
  • Pioglitazone
  • RNA Interference
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone / genetics
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism*
  • Thiazolidinediones / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Ligands
  • Ncor1 protein, mouse
  • Ncor2 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1
  • Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 2
  • PPAR gamma
  • Receptors, Thyroid Hormone
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Pioglitazone