Identification of human myometrial target genes of the cAMP pathway: the role of cAMP-response element binding (CREB) and modulator (CREMalpha and CREMtau2alpha) proteins

J Mol Endocrinol. 2005 Feb;34(1):1-17. doi: 10.1677/jme.1.01594.


cAMP-response element (CRE) binding (CREB) and modulator (CREM) proteins, activated by protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation, bind as homo- and heterodimers to promoters containing CRE and activator protein 1 (AP-1) sites to alter target-gene expression. We have previously reported differential expression of CREB and CREM splice variants CREMalpha and CREMtau2alpha in human myometrium during pregnancy and labour. Via microarray studies with cultured myometrial cells stably transfected with CREB, CREMalpha and CREMtau2alpha cDNAs, CREB affected the expression of 958 genes; 522 being up-regulated and 436 down-regulated. CREMalpha altered the expression of 118 genes; 71 were increased and 47 decreased. CREMtau2alpha affected 220 genes; 148 were activated and 72 repressed. Notably, genes affected by CREB, CREMalpha and CREMtau2alpha belong to largely discrete groups: less than 9% were affected by more than one factor. Genes involved in regulation of cell death and apoptosis, growth and maintenance, signal transduction, physiological and developmental processes, protein kinase cascades, extracellular matrix, cytoskeleton, cell-cycle regulation, transport, and a variety of enzymes, intracellular components and nucleic acid-binding proteins have been described, many of which are involved in the modulation of myometrial activity during pregnancy and parturition.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism*
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element Modulator
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Myometrium / metabolism*
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transfection


  • CREB1 protein, human
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element Modulator
  • Cyclic AMP