Objective: To review the role of open laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) in congenital laryngeal webs and atresias.
Study design and setting: A retrospective chart review was undertaken in a specialist otorhinolaryngology unit in an academic tertiary referral paediatric hospital. Twenty-one patients with congenital laryngeal subglottic stenosis (SGS) underwent LTR between 1993 and 2003. Two groups were identified; one group had SGS alone (n = 6) and the other group had SGS associated with a laryngeal web (n = 15). Information recorded included presenting features, classification of lesion, surgery performed, and whether decannulation was achieved.
Results: All grades of stenosis (Myer-Cotton classification) and webs of type 2, 3, and 4 (Cohen's classification) were recorded. Fifteen patients had a staged reconstruction and 6 patients had a single-stage LTR. Complications included 2 revision procedures, 3 tracheocutaneous fistulas, and 1 death (cause unrelated). All appropriate patients were successfully decannulated at between 3 and 18 months post-LTR (median, 5 months).
Conclusion: This series illustrates the effective role of open LTR in both congenital SGS alone and that in association with glottic webbing.