The incidence of the neuropathological lesions and the severity of the clinical symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) are correlated with the amount of the transferred autoreactive T cells. The balance between the T helper 1 (Th1) and T helper 2 (Th2) cytokine phenotypes may affect the activity of the disease in MS patients. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine secreted by Th2 cells. Thus, it has been thought that inducing IL-10 may have therapeutic effects in the treatment of MS patients. In this study, in order determine whether different types of prophylaxis change the secretion of IL-10, we measured the levels of IL-10 in relapsing-remitting type multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients receiving interferon-beta 1b (IFN-beta 1b) or azathioprine (AZA). Our study consisted of RRMS patients (n=45) and healthy subjects (n=15) as control group. Patients were categorized into three groups as those receiving either IFN-beta 1b or AZA and those not receiving prophylaxis. Each group was compared with the control group. Serum IL-10 levels were determined using ELISA method. IL-10 levels of those receiving IFN-beta 1b were found to be significantly higher than that of other groups. These results support that the ability of inducing anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 plays a role in the clinical advantage of IFN-beta 1b in MS treatment.