Psychopathology and personality features in orthopedic patients with boxer's fractures

Gen Hosp Psychiatry. Jan-Feb 2005;27(1):13-7. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2004.10.001.


A boxer's fracture (BF) is the most common type of metacarpal fracture and is usually an intentional injury. This study aims to investigate the severity of depressive and anxiety symptoms and evaluate the personality features of patients with BF in comparison with patients with fractures other than boxer's fractures [other fractures (OFs)] and a group of healthy controls (C). The study group was comprised of 14 patients who were diagnosed to have BF, 13 patients who were assessed due to OF and 11 C. Patients and controls were assessed with Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders (SCID-2) was used to screen axis II, personality disorders' symptoms. The results showed that patients with BF had more anxiety as a trait and had higher mean scores for self-defeating, borderline and antisocial personality disorders than both the group of OF and C. Additionally, BF group had higher scores on the anger and cynicism subscales of MMPI-2. These results suggest that maladaptive personality traits and anxiety symptoms are common in patients with BF. Psychiatric assessment of patients who apply to orthopedy clinics with BF should be a part of their treatment plan.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Boxing / injuries*
  • Boxing / psychology*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Female
  • Fractures, Bone / epidemiology
  • Fractures, Bone / psychology
  • Fractures, Bone / surgery
  • Humans
  • MMPI
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Personality Disorders / diagnosis
  • Personality Disorders / epidemiology
  • Personality Disorders / psychology*
  • Psychological Tests
  • Self-Injurious Behavior / epidemiology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires