[Clinicopathological evaluation of EVAL embolization in arteriovenous malformations]

No Shinkei Geka. 1992 Apr;20(4):439-44.
[Article in Japanese]


The clinical and pathological aspects of two large arteriovenous malformations which were removed totally after preoperative embolization using ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVAL) were studied. The material, which is not adhesive, is handled easily during the procedure of embolization. However, it involves some risks because it might migrate to and occlude the normal branches of the brain and pass through the nidus to the venous system. Histopathological study of AVM nidus which was removed showed embolic materials within the vessels and inflammatory reaction of the vessel wall and its surrounding tissue. There were patchy hemorrhages within the AVM nidus and its surrounding brain tissue. Recanalization was also found within the occluded vessels. These findings suggest that preoperative embolization has some risk of causing intracerebral hemorrhage after the embolization. AVM should be removed surgically as a radical treatment if the patient is able to tolerate the operation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Embolization, Therapeutic* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / pathology
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / surgery
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Male
  • Polyvinyls / therapeutic use*
  • Preoperative Care


  • Polyvinyls
  • ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer