The goal of this study was to evaluate the results of endovascular and surgical treatments for ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysms (VADAs) to determine which treatment is preferable. We evaluated the cases of 25 consecutive patients with ruptured VADAs treated in our institution. From 1992 to 1997, five patients were treated surgically. Since 1998, 20 patients with VADAs have been treated with endovascular therapy. The goal of the treatment was to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation. Among the five patients undergoing surgery, three aneurysms were treated with proximal clipping, one with trapping, and one with dome clipping. None of the patients were treated during the acute stage of rupture. Transient complications occurred in two patients. Of the 20 patients treated through the endovascular approach, 15 were treated within 24 h of rupture, but 12 had rebleeding before treatment. Eighteen aneurysms were occluded, along with the affected vertebral artery (VA), by using detachable coils (internal trapping), and one was occluded with the VA preserved. A stent-assisted occlusion of one aneurysm was done in a patient who had a contralateral hypoplastic VA. In both groups, the outcome of each patient depended greatly on the patient's condition before treatment and whether there was rebleeding. No posttreatment bleeding occurred. All procedures were effective, but endovascular treatment was less invasive and easier to use during the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Although this report does not describe a controlled study, we found that endovascular treatment is preferable for treating ruptured VADAs in the acute stage.