HIV encephalitis simulating Huntington's disease

Mov Disord. 2005 May;20(5):610-3. doi: 10.1002/mds.20379.


Complications from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome are notorious for mimicking other neurological diseases. We describe a case of HIV encephalitis presenting with the classic clinical features of Huntington's Disease in a woman without known HIV risk factors or other clinical stigmata suggestive of immunosuppression. This case reminds us that HIV should be part of the differential diagnosis in unexplainable neurological diseases.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Dementia Complex / complications*
  • AIDS Dementia Complex / immunology
  • AIDS Dementia Complex / pathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease / etiology*
  • Huntington Disease / immunology
  • Huntington Disease / pathology
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Microglia / immunology
  • Microglia / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Neural Conduction / physiology
  • Risk Factors


  • Immunoglobulin G