Numerical simulation of PRESS localized MR spectroscopy

J Magn Reson. 2005 Mar;173(1):54-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jmr.2004.11.018.


Numerical simulations of NMR spectra can provide a rapid and convenient method for optimizing acquisition sequence parameters and generating prior spectral information required for parametric spectral analysis. For spatially resolved spectroscopy, spatially dependent variables affect the resultant spectral amplitudes and phases, which must therefore be taken into account in any spectral simulation model. In this study, methods for numerical simulation of spectra obtained using the PRESS localization pulse sequence are examined. A comparison is made between three different simulation models that include different levels of detail regarding the spatial distributions of the excitation functions, and spin evolution during application of the pulses. These methods were evaluated for measurement of spectra from J-coupled spin systems that are of interest for in vivo proton spectroscopy and results compared with experimental data. It is demonstrated that for optimized refocusing pulses it is sufficient to account for chemical shift effects only, although there is some advantage to implementing a more general numerical simulation approach that includes information on RF pulse excitation profiles, which provides sufficient accuracy while maintaining moderate computational requirements and flexibility to handle different spin systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aspartic Acid / chemistry
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Lactic Acid / chemistry
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*


  • Aspartic Acid
  • Lactic Acid