Inherited defects in keratins

Clin Dermatol. 2005 Jan-Feb;23(1):6-14. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2004.09.014.


In the years following the initial reports of keratin gene mutations in epidermolysis bullosa simplex, great strides have been made in understanding the basic biology of human keratins and in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of a number of specific human single gene disorders. A total of 19 human keratin genes is now linked to specific diseases. This article summarizes current knowledge in relation to basic keratin biology, known disease associations, and genotype correlation in this diverse and complex group of conditions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Keratins / genetics*
  • Male
  • Mutation*
  • Prognosis
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic / diagnosis*
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic / epidemiology


  • Keratins