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Review
, 10 (2), 88-94

Organization of Cis-Acting Regulatory Elements in Osmotic- And Cold-Stress-Responsive Promoters

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Review

Organization of Cis-Acting Regulatory Elements in Osmotic- And Cold-Stress-Responsive Promoters

Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki et al. Trends Plant Sci.

Abstract

cis-Acting regulatory elements are important molecular switches involved in the transcriptional regulation of a dynamic network of gene activities controlling various biological processes, including abiotic stress responses, hormone responses and developmental processes. In particular, understanding regulatory gene networks in stress response cascades depends on successful functional analyses of cis-acting elements. The ever-improving accuracy of transcriptome expression profiling has led to the identification of various combinations of cis-acting elements in the promoter regions of stress-inducible genes involved in stress and hormone responses. Here we discuss major cis-acting elements, such as the ABA-responsive element (ABRE) and the dehydration-responsive element/C-repeat (DRE/CRT), that are a vital part of ABA-dependent and ABA-independent gene expression in osmotic and cold stress responses.

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