The presence of one P450 can influence the catalytic characteristics of a second enzyme through the formation of heteromeric P450 complexes. Such a complex has been reported for mixed reconstituted systems containing NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase, CYP2B4, and CYP1A2, where a dramatic inhibition of 7-pentoxyresorufin-O-dealkylation (PROD) was observed when compared to simple reconstituted systems containing reductase and a single P450 enzyme. The goal of the present study was to characterize this interaction by examining the potential of the CYP1A2-CYP2B4 complex to be formed by charge-pair interactions. With ionic interactions being sensitive to the surrounding ionic environment, monooxygenase activities were measured in both simple systems and mixed reconstituted systems as a function of ionic strength. PROD was found to be decreased at high ionic strength in both simple and mixed reconstituted systems, due to disruption of reductase-P450 complexes. Additionally, the inhibition of PROD in mixed reconstituted systems was relieved at high ionic strength, consistent with disruption of the CYP2B4-CYP1A2 complex. When ionic strength was measured as a function of CYP1A2 concentration, a shift to the right in the inflection point of the biphasic curve occurred at high ionic strength, consistent with a loss in CYP1A2 affinity for CYP2B4. When this analysis was applied to the same systems using a different substrate, 7-EFC, evidence for a high-affinity complex was not observed, demonstrating that the characteristics of the CYP1A2-CYP2B4 complex are influenced by the substrates present. These results support the role for a substrate specific electrostatic interaction between these P450 enzymes.